FLOWERS AT BAIKAL
southwestern shore of Baikal in vicinity of Listvyanka and Bolshie Koty village
is mostly a steep slopes with rocky cliffs dropping strait to the water. The
shore is dissect with the narrow and not deep folds, a variable degree developed
river valleys and feebly formed lake's terraces The beach and pebble zone is
rather absent, or faintly marked.
All these types of ecotope characterized with their own special kind of vegetation.
At the steep rocky slopes there are two main types of the plants: floristically
poor open xerophilous weeds and steppe zone flora (so called Baikal steppe),
characterized with high species variety, a great number of beautiful, decorative
and medicinal herbs and flowers.
The folds are mostly occupied with the forest and grassland kind of plants,
characterized with little species and phenotype variety. In the first part of
the summer one can see here: - Trollius asiaticus, Pyrola asarifolia,
P.rotundifolia, Maiantchemum bifolium, Borgenia crassifolia, Allium victorialis,
some kinds or orchids - Cypripedium macranthon and Cypripedium guttatum.
river valleys are mostly covered with the grassland plants, forming the multi-colored
carpet. There are only few beautiful and interesting plants here: - Sanguisorba
officinalis, sometimes - Lilium martagon.
The lake's terraces are mostly occupied with forest and grassland kinds
of plants, or their transitional forms. In the early - middle July one can see
here flourishing - Lilium martagon, Scabiosa comosa, Paris, Pyrola asarifolia,
P.rotundifolia, Maiantchemum bifolium, seldom orchids and other original
The most interesting are the south steppe slopes, where in the early - mid July
one can see highest possible number of beautiful and rare flowers and herbs:
Sedum aizoon, S. purpureum
Vicia venosa, V.unijuga
There are also interesting kinds of ferns on the rocky slopes: - Dryopteris
fragrans and Polypodium verginianum.
From the typical steppe plants, remarkable are some kinds of absinth:
And gramineous plants:
Agropiron Gaertner calense
For the FLOWER WATCHING TOUR, please contact our managers, or look into ADVENTURE TOUR TO LAKE BAIKAL and IRKUTSK.