The Circum-Baikal Railroad 100 years' anniversary
railroad loop, from Port Baikal station to Mysovaya station, was the final rail-link
of the Great Siberian Way. Trans-Sib (end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th
century.) is one of the most outstanding technical and engineering constructions
and its building has become an event of the world's significance.
"After America's explorations and the Suez Canal's building there was
no such an event in the world's history, mentened as much more prominent and
rich of the direct and circumstational after-effects then the building of Trans-Sib.
The Great Siberian Way, 7.500 km. of extent, has connected the European and
Asian parts of Russia with "steel belt" and the Circum-Baikal section
(260 km.) has become its "golden buckle".
in the period of 1902-1904, there were: 39 tunnels, 47 stone galleries, 1ots
of metal bridges, stone viaducts, support-walls, water-defences, railroad stations
and other constructions, built in the western part of the Circum-Baical loop,
(84 km. of extent). Some of those permanent headworks mentioned above, have
their own names like: "Listvenychny", "Tolsty", "Khatorzhansky",
"Berezovsky", "Polovinny", "Dvoynaja Gooba" ets.
The Circum-Baikal section from Port Baikal station to Khultouck station has
no comparisson to the volume of the fulfilled works and the quantity of engineering
constructions ever built on 1 km. of the road in Russia or even in Europe. And
Trans-Sib's building has also been one of the first experiences of the international
cooperation when the foreign workers from China and Albany or Italian engineers
worked together with Russians.
Nowadays, the Circum-Baikal rail-road has been set out of the main route but
its current location is getting more and more interesting for historians, tourists
and for those who are in love for exotic natural spots. Till now the researcher,
amateurs of the olden times and tourists cannot stop to be amazed by its mountaineous
defensive sistem: trestlebridges, stone walls and galleries, that absorbed the
basic firmness and extraordinary elegance. The creative strength and inspiration
of the builders have been realized not only in the main contructions but in
the others: the concrete drainages, gutters and dry masonry. Every little creak
or even spring, falling into Baikal near the line, were ennobled around because
the builders had every thing taken into consideration: the most complex relief
of shores, conditions of mountain rocks and depth of water.
This railway bed was made out on the vertical slopes of clifs going down to
the depth of the "Sacred Sea".
In truth the Circum-Baikal Railroad is an amazing creature of the human's labour
and thought, worthy of your attention.
By: Sergey Vyhara